Pentagon Warns of Dwindling Funds for Ukraine's Weapon Replenishment
Posted in Defense News

Pentagon Warns of Dwindling Funds for Ukraine’s Weapon Replenishment

Date: October 3, 2023

Dwindling Funds Raise Alarms

In a development that underscores the growing urgency of the situation in Ukraine, the Pentagon has issued a stark warning to Congress regarding the dwindling funds available for replacing weapons sent to Ukraine. This comes at a time when Russia’s aggression in the region continues unabated, putting pressure on Ukraine’s defense capabilities.

Pentagon Comptroller Michael McCord recently revealed that only $1.6 billion remains out of the initial $25.9 billion allocated to replace weapons for Ukraine. This significant reduction in available funds is raising alarms within the U.S. defense establishment and among international observers.

Ukraine’s Vital Arsenal in Jeopardy

The weapons provided to Ukraine as part of this funding allocation include critical assets such as artillery, rockets, and missiles. These weapons are indispensable for Ukraine’s counteroffensive strategy against Russia’s territorial gains in the ongoing conflict. The potential delay or reduction in the resupply of these essential weapons poses a severe threat to Ukraine’s ability to defend itself effectively.

Urgent Plea to Congressional Leaders

In response to the dwindling funds, the Pentagon has urgently reached out to Congressional leaders, urging them to take immediate action to replenish funding for Ukraine. The situation is exacerbated by the fact that long-term funding for Kyiv through the Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative has been exhausted, resulting in delays in contracting for future weapons.

The urgency of this plea cannot be overstated. Failure to secure timely funding not only jeopardizes Ukraine’s defense but also has broader implications for national security.

National Security at Stake

National Security at Stake

Beyond the immediate concerns for Ukraine, the Pentagon’s warning highlights the potential impact on U.S. national security. A well-equipped and prepared U.S. military is vital for maintaining stability and peace in the global arena. The uncertainty surrounding funding for Ukraine’s weapon replenishment adds an additional layer of risk, as it could adversely affect the readiness of the U.S. military services.

Political Challenges and Complex Dynamics

The challenges associated with gaining approval for Ukraine assistance in Congress have become increasingly difficult. There is resistance from some quarters, notably from the Republican hard-right flank. This political divide adds complexity to an already challenging situation.

The ongoing conflict in Ukraine serves as a stark reminder of the complex dynamics of foreign assistance and the divisive nature of political decisions in Congress. The need to address these divisions and act swiftly is paramount.

The Road Ahead

President Joe Biden has emphasized the urgency of maintaining support for Ukraine to prevent interruptions in assistance. Mark Cancian, a senior adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, has warned that Ukrainian resistance may weaken if aid isn’t sustained.

The temporary financing expense just lately gone by Congress is readied to last until mid-November, further increasing the risk associated with diverting funds for Ukraine aid. The world watches closely as Congress grapples with the urgency of supporting Ukraine in the face of ongoing Russian aggression.

In this critical moment, the fate of Ukraine’s defense rests on the swift and decisive action of Congress to replenish the funds needed for weapons and equipment. The international community is closely monitoring the situation, recognizing that a well-equipped Ukraine is essential for regional stability and deterring further Russian aggression. As the geopolitical landscape continues to evolve, the urgency of this matter cannot be overstated.

Chinese Research Explores Vision-Based Navigation for Drones in GPS-Denied Environments
Posted in Defense News

Chinese Research Explores Vision-Based Navigation for Drones in GPS-Denied Environments

Advances in Drone Control Technology and AI Autonomy Transform Modern Warfare

Date: August 22, 2023

In an era of rapidly advancing technology and evolving warfare tactics, recent research from China has shed light on groundbreaking methods to navigate drones even when GPS signals are compromised. This development underscores the escalating significance of drones in conflicts, particularly those featuring advanced electromagnetic jamming capabilities. The study, published in the journal Engineering in July, unveils a novel technique that utilizes camera data to guide drones towards their intended targets in GPS-denied environments. This marks a pivotal milestone in the intersection of artificial intelligence, autonomy, and military applications.

Autonomous Drone Navigation Using Camera Data

The research delves into the innovative application of camera data to steer drones autonomously in scenarios where GPS signals are disrupted or jammed. By estimating target velocity and position through visual cues, the proposed technique empowers drones to navigate complex environments without relying on traditional satellite-based navigation. This breakthrough builds upon the concept of using camera data for robot control, a notion that dates back to 1980, and leverages the latest advancements in processing power, algorithms, and camera sensors.

From Table Tennis to Warfare: The Expanding Potential of Vision-Based Control

Vision-based control has witnessed remarkable progress, enabling robots to execute intricate tasks such as playing table tennis. This showcases the burgeoning potential of this technology and its ability to adapt to dynamic environments. The newfound capability to steer drones in GPS-denied environments paves the way for drones to autonomously engage and destroy targets, a necessity as electronic warfare techniques increasingly hinder the effectiveness of human-controlled drones on the battlefield.

Transition from GPS Reliance

Transition from GPS Reliance

The research signals a paradigm shift in drone navigation strategies. The reliance on unhindered GPS signals for manual drone control is waning, even before conflicts such as the one unfolding in Ukraine. As demonstrated by the Chinese research, the integration of AI and autonomy into drone technology is becoming essential to navigate the challenges posed by electronic warfare and emerging battlefield scenarios.

China’s Strategy and Technological Prowess

While such advancements hold clear military advantages, it’s noteworthy that the Chinese government allows the publication of research on steering drones in GPS-denied environments. This strategic move aligns with China’s larger objective of showcasing its technological capabilities and fostering domestic pride. The publication of such research not only highlights tech policy and defense capabilities but also bolsters China’s reputation as a technological leader.

A Multifaceted Impact

The implications of this breakthrough extend beyond national pride and military strategies. The research underscores the value of Chinese weapons to potential international buyers, showcasing the appeal of cutting-edge Chinese technology on the global stage. As China seeks to enhance its arms export sales and establish itself as a technological frontrunner, the research findings play a pivotal role in attracting international attention and partnerships.

Reshaping Warfare Dynamics

The confluence of AI, autonomy, and vision-based control has transformed the landscape of drone technology and its role in modern warfare. The research from China exemplifies the relentless pursuit of innovation in navigating challenges posed by GPS-denied environments. As drones become increasingly autonomous and versatile, their evolving role in conflicts and strategic operations continues to reshape the dynamics of modern warfare. The integration of camera data as a navigation solution signifies not only a technological achievement but also a strategic leap towards the future of military applications.

Army's Laser and Kinetic Air Defense Experimentation Faces Challenges and Progress
Posted in Defense News

Army’s Laser and Kinetic Air Defense Experimentation Faces Challenges and Progress

Innovative technologies bring about new opportunities and challenges for modern warfare.

Integrating Lasers and Kinetic Weapons: A Complex Challenge on the Battlefield

The United States Army is on the brink of a significant transformation in its air defense capabilities, poised to embark on a pioneering experiment involving a 50-kilowatt laser combined with traditional kinetic air defenses. This bold initiative aims to test the efficacy of merging cutting-edge directed energy systems with conventional weaponry, introducing a new dimension to the modern battlefield. While the potential of directed energy is widely acknowledged, the intricate interplay between lasers and kinetic arms poses both promising advancements and complex challenges that military strategists are closely scrutinizing.

Striving for Balance: The Evolution of Laser-Kinetic Integration

Lieutenant General Robert Rasch, a prominent figure in the Army’s leadership, has been unequivocal about the complexities inherent in seamlessly integrating lasers and traditional kinetic weapons into combat scenarios. Rasch emphasizes that while directed energy holds immense potential for precision targeting and rapid response, harmonizing it with kinetic counterparts demands meticulous planning. Achieving optimal synergy between these distinct technologies is not only critical to ensuring a well-rounded and adaptive defense mechanism but also pivotal for maintaining an edge over adversaries.

Laser Prototype Progress: A Glimpse into the Army’s Vision

In a significant leap forward, the Army is gearing up to receive its fourth and final Stryker-based 50-kilowatt laser prototype. This milestone not only underscores the military’s commitment to harnessing directed energy for bolstering its defensive capabilities but also exemplifies its dedication to technological advancement. As the prototypes inch closer to reality, they serve as tangible evidence of the Army’s resolve to explore uncharted territories of warfare. These prototypes are poised to provide valuable insights into pressing questions surrounding the laser’s lethality in combat situations, its economic viability, and the extent of its reliability under demanding operational conditions.

DE M-SHORAD: A Ray of Hope in Aerial Defense

DE M-SHORAD: A Ray of Hope in Aerial Defense

At the forefront of the directed energy landscape, Raytheon’s Styker-based Directed Energy Maneuver Short-Range Air Defense system (DE M-SHORAD) shines as a beacon of innovation. This ambitious project seeks to counter class 1 to 3 aerial threats, including drones, rockets, artillery, and mortars, with cutting-edge directed energy technology. The Army’s reception of three prototypes of the DE M-SHORAD system, coupled with the anticipation of a fourth in September, underscores the urgency with which the military addresses emerging airborne threats. This signals a significant step towards adopting forward-looking strategies to safeguard national security.

Navigating Challenges and Paving the Way Forward

As the Army ventures into unexplored territories of warfare, it encounters a myriad of challenges that demand innovative solutions. Sourcing components for directed energy weapons has emerged as a challenge due to the unique nature of these systems. This, coupled with concerns about reliability in high-stress scenarios, has prompted careful consideration. The intricate makeup of high-energy lasers necessitates specialized maintenance and repair, raising questions about the availability of suitable components. Lieutenant General Daniel Karbler, in highlighting the intricacies of laser systems, stresses the need for pioneering repair strategies, potentially involving custom-built solutions to ensure operational readiness.

The Pursuit of Balance: Finding the Sweet Spot

The integration of kinetic and non-kinetic effectors, such as directed energy weapons, presents a dynamic challenge on the modern battlefield. Striking the right balance between maneuver Short-Range Air Defense (SHORAD) capabilities and counter-Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) capabilities is a task that requires meticulous planning and adaptability. The Army’s endeavor to optimize its defense strategies through the integration of various technologies underscores its commitment to national security. As military minds collaborate to tackle questions of lethality, producibility, reliability, and affordability, the trajectory of these efforts will undoubtedly shape the future landscape of defense strategies and technologies.

European Nations Collaborate to Train Ukrainian Pilots on F-16 Fighter Jets Amid Ongoing Conflict
Posted in Defense News

European Nations Collaborate to Train Ukrainian Pilots on F-16 Fighter Jets Amid Ongoing Conflict

Pentagon’s Ambitious Plan for Ukrainian Pilots

Top Pentagon officials have revealed a groundbreaking plan to enhance Ukraine’s defense capabilities by training their pilots to operate F-16 Fighting Falcon fighter jets. This initiative involves at least six European nations, signaling a significant international effort to bolster Ukraine’s military capabilities in the face of ongoing conflict with Russia.

The decision to train Ukrainian pilots on the F-16 jets is a testament to the advanced technology and capabilities of these aircraft. The F-16 Fighting Falcon is a multirole fighter jet renowned for its versatility, maneuverability, and combat effectiveness. By equipping Ukrainian pilots with the skills to operate these aircraft, the international community aims to empower Ukraine to better defend its sovereignty and deter further aggression.

Denmark and the Netherlands Lead the Training Effort

Denmark and the Netherlands have taken the lead in developing a comprehensive training plan for Ukrainian pilots. Recognizing the importance of a well-structured and coordinated program, these two nations have spearheaded the efforts to ensure that Ukrainian pilots receive the necessary training and expertise to operate the F-16 jets effectively.

The training plan is being developed in close collaboration with other European nations, who have pledged their support to this critical initiative. By pooling their resources, knowledge, and experience, these nations aim to provide Ukraine with the best possible training program for its pilots, enabling them to maximize the potential of the F-16 fighter jets.

Contributions from Allied Nations

Contributions from Allied Nations

Norway, Belgium, Portugal, and Poland have already stepped forward and offered their contributions to the training initiative. These nations understand the gravity of the situation and the importance of supporting Ukraine in its defense efforts. Their participation not only underscores the solidarity within NATO but also reflects the broader international support for Ukraine amidst the ongoing conflict.

Each participating nation brings its own expertise and resources to the table, contributing to the comprehensive training program. This collaborative effort ensures that Ukrainian pilots will receive training from some of the best military personnel in Europe, benefiting from a diverse range of experiences and perspectives.

The Cost and Challenges Ahead

Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin emphasized that training alone is not sufficient; the development of capability is crucial. In addition to the cost of training, sustainment, maintenance, and ordnance are key factors to consider. Gen. Mark Milley, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, estimated that equipping Ukraine with 10 F-16s would cost approximately $2 billion.

Out of the total cost, $1 billion would be allocated for the F-16 jets themselves, while the remaining $1 billion would cover their long-term sustainment. While these figures may seem substantial, they represent an investment in Ukraine’s defense capabilities and its ability to protect its sovereignty.

The specific source of the F-16 aircraft and maintenance parts has not been specified, and the United States is not expected to play a significant role in this regard. Instead, the participating countries will decide when and how many jets they will provide to Ukraine, ensuring a collaborative and multinational approach.

International Collaboration and the Role of the US

As part of the training and support initiative, discussions are underway regarding the establishment of an international fund. This fund would enable contributions from other countries to further support the training and equipping of Ukrainian pilots. The international community recognizes the importance of assisting Ukraine in its efforts to strengthen its defense capabilities and is willing to provide financial support to ensure the success of the program.

While Congress might be asked to provide extra funding for this effort, the training and support initiative is expected to be an international endeavor. The collaboration of multiple nations demonstrates the shared commitment to Ukraine’s security and the belief that a collective approach is necessary to address the ongoing conflict effectively.

Limitations of the F-16 Jets

Limitations of the F-16 Jets

It is crucial to clarify that the F-16 jets will not play a direct role in the anticipated counteroffensive against the Russian invasion. Pentagon officials have made it clear that the modern planes alone will not change the tide of the ongoing conflict. While the F-16s provide enhanced capabilities to Ukrainian pilots, the war between Ukraine and Russia cannot be won solely through the introduction of advanced aircraft.

Challenges Ahead and Uncertain Timeline

The war between Ukraine and Russia has been ongoing for 456 days, and military leaders acknowledge that the conflict is not likely to end soon. While the Ukrainian strategic objective remains the liberation of all Russian-occupied territory, achieving this goal will be a challenging and protracted process.

The timeline for delivering the F-16 jets to Ukraine remains uncertain, with no indication that they will be received this year. The complexity of sourcing the aircraft and maintenance parts, as well as coordinating the contributions of multiple nations, contributes to the ambiguity surrounding the timeline. Nonetheless, the commitment and effort invested in this training and support initiative represent a significant step towards bolstering Ukraine’s defense capabilities.

Bolstering Ukraine’s Defense Capabilities

The training and support initiative involving multiple nations is seen as a crucial effort to bolster Ukraine’s defense capabilities and enhance its overall military strength. By providing Ukrainian pilots with the opportunity to train on advanced F-16 fighter jets, the international community aims to empower Ukraine in its defense against external aggression.

The involvement of various European nations demonstrates the widespread international support for Ukraine amidst the ongoing conflict. It underscores the collective commitment to ensuring Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, promoting stability in the region, and standing against acts of aggression.

In conclusion, the collaboration among European nations to train Ukrainian pilots on F-16 fighter jets showcases the international community’s support for Ukraine in its ongoing conflict with Russia. This comprehensive training and support initiative aims to bolster Ukraine’s defense capabilities and empower its pilots with advanced skills. While the acquisition of modern aircraft alone will not resolve the conflict, this collaborative effort represents a significant step forward in Ukraine’s defense strategy. With continued international support, Ukraine strives to achieve its strategic objectives and ultimately secure a peaceful and stable future.

Biden Administration Approves $500 Million in Military Aid to Ukraine
Posted in Defense News

Biden Administration Approves $500 Million in Military Aid to Ukraine

In a move to bolster Ukraine’s defense capabilities, the Biden administration has recently announced a substantial military aid package worth to $500 million. This aid includes the provision of armored vehicles and missiles for air defense systems, underscoring the United States’ commitment to supporting Ukraine’s security in the face of ongoing aggression. The following subheadings shed light on the details and implications of this significant development.

Strengthening Ukraine’s Defense Capabilities with New Military Aid

The Biden administration’s decision to provide Ukraine with $500 million in military aid marks a significant commitment to reinforcing Ukraine’s defense capabilities. The aid package includes 30 Bradley Fighting Vehicles, 25 armored Stryker vehicles, missiles for the High-Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS), and Patriot air defense systems. Moreover, demolition munitions ,Javelin and high-speed anti-radiation (HARM) missiles , artillery rounds , obstacle-clearing equipment , and other ammunition are also part of the comprehensive assistance package.

Support for Ukraine’s Counteroffensive Efforts as Progress Slows

Support for Ukraine's Counteroffensive Efforts as Progress Slows

The aid is primarily intended to support Ukraine’s counteroffensive efforts, which have experienced sluggish progress in the initial stages. The provision of armored vehicles and missiles for air protection systems equips Ukraine to effectively respond to threats and protect its territory. Although the aid packages are typically planned in advance and not specifically chosen in response to the recent rebellion, the resources provided can still be advantageous for Ukraine, especially in capitalizing on the internal turmoil within the Russian ranks caused by the short-lived insurrection.

Russian Insurrection Spurs Reassessment and Additional Aid

The recent insurrection in Russia, led by the Wagner mercenary group and briefly seizing a military headquarters in southern Russia, has had significant repercussions on Ukrainian and Western leaders’ perspective. Prompted by the instability and uncertainty caused by the rebellion, Ukrainian and Western officials have reassessed the situation and concluded that additional military assistance is necessary. The decision to provide $500 million in aid to Ukraine demonstrates a clear response to the evolving security dynamics in the region.

Extensive U.S. Support for Ukraine Continues

The provision of military aid to Ukraine is not a novel endeavor for the United States. Since the Russian invasion in February 2022, the U.S. has already supplied weapons and equipment to Ukraine on 41 occasions, utilizing presidential drawdown authority. This commitment underscores the longstanding support of the United States for Ukraine’s defense against Russian aggression. In addition to the immediate aid, the U.S. has pledged over $16.7 billion in longer-term funding for weapons, training, and equipment through the Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative, with an additional $6.2 billion in supplies yet to be identified. Furthermore, roughly $2 billion in foreign military financing has been allocated to assist Ukraine in strengthening its defense capabilities.

As Ukraine faces ongoing challenges in its efforts to safeguard its sovereignty, The Biden management’s commitment to providing substantial military aid demonstrates a firm stance against aggression and a willingness to support Ukraine’s security interests. The aid package, which includes a range of critical weapons and equipment, aims to enhance Ukraine’s counteroffensive operations and reinforce its air defenses, bolstering its resilience in the face of external threats.

Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) Completes Successful Military Trials of Multi-Mission Radar with Czech Army
Posted in Defense News

Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) Completes Successful Military Trials of Multi-Mission Radar with Czech Army

Tel Aviv, Israel – Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) has announced the successful completion of military trials for its state-of-the-art Multi-Mission Radar (MMR) in collaboration with the Czech Army. This achievement not only marks a significant milestone for IAI but also opens doors for future cooperation between Israel and the Czech Republic in countering advanced airborne threats.

The completion of the military trials underscores the effectiveness and reliability of the MMR in detecting and classifying a wide range of targets, consisting of drones, missile barrages, rockets, and arising risks. With the ability to simultaneously track and classify hundreds of targets, the MMR is poised to revolutionize the defense capabilities of the Czech Army.

One of the key aspects of this successful collaboration is the transfer of technology. IAI will provide the necessary know-how related to the MMR to defense firms in the Czech Republic, enabling them to undertake local production and maintenance support for this cutting-edge radar system. This transfer of technology will not only strengthen the defense industry in the Czech Republic but also create new avenues for cooperation between Israel and the Czech Republic in the field of defense technology.

Moreover, MMR integration into NATO command and control systems via Czech Republic further solidifies the strategic importance of this collaboration. The MMR’s seamless integration will enhance the overall air situational awareness within the NATO framework and provide accurate and real-time data to support air defense operations.

Designed to spot, track, and categorize both low and high flying targets, consisting of drones, cruise missiles, rockets, and mortars, the MMR is equipped with state-of-the-art technology. Its impressive detection range of up to 256 nautical miles and capability to handle up to 1,100 targets make it one of the most advanced radar systems in the world. The MMR’s high accuracy and real-time air situational awareness capabilities make it a critical asset for any defense system.

The MMR has already proven its operational effectiveness in Israel, where it has been integrated into air defense systems such as the Barak and Iron Dome. Its successful deployment in Israel has garnered international attention, leading various countries to acquire this advanced radar system.

As IAI’s MMR radars have a long-standing track record of providing air situational awareness and supporting air and missile defense systems, the successful completion of the military trials with the Czech Army is a testament to the radar’s reliability and efficiency.

The collaboration between Israel and the Czech Republic in the field of defense technology showcases the importance of international cooperation and knowledge sharing. As both countries continue to face evolving airborne threats, this partnership promises to enhance their defense capabilities and contribute to global security.

With the completion of these successful trials, the stage is now set for Israel and the Czech Republic to forge a stronger alliance in safeguarding against sophisticated airborne threats.

Malaysia Inks Illumination Fight Plane, Maritime Patrol Aircraft Deals
Posted in Defense News

Malaysia Inks Illumination Fight Plane, Maritime Patrol Aircraft Deals

Malaysia has actually authorized greater than 40 contracts well really truly worth $2.2 billion for verified as well as prospective protection acquisitions, consisting of for illumination fight airplane, equipped drones as well as marine patrol airplane, at the continuous Langkawi Worldwide Marine as well as Aerospace, or even LIMA, exhibit right below.

The biggest of the agreements was actually an offer for 18 Oriental Aerospace Markets FA-50 illumination fight jets. The Imperial Malaysian Sky Pressure will certainly utilize these jets for the competitor lead-in educating as well as illumination fight functions.

In February, it was actually revealed that Malaysia possessed chosen the FA-50 as its own illumination fight airplane, along with KAI specifying during the time the worth of the purchase was actually $920 thousand. Malaysia has actually an ultimate demand for as much as 36 jets.

Kang Goo-young

Kang Goo-young

Talking to Malaysia’s nationwide information company Bernama, KAI ceo Kang Goo-young verified the RMAF will certainly start getting the FA-50 Obstruct twenty “Combating Eagle” airplane in 2026, along with the very initial 4 jets integrated in Southern Korea while the staying 14 will certainly be actually put together in your area.

He included that the jets will certainly include energetic digitally checked range, or even AESA, radars, although he didn’t determine the radar design.

Southern Korea’s LIG Nex1 is actually establishing the ESR-500A AESA radar for the FA-50, while Raytheon Innovations revealed previously this month its own PhantomStrike radar will certainly be actually gearing up the FA-50.

Amongst the various other agreements authorized at the LIMA event was actually an offer for 2 marine patrol airplane coming from Italy’s Leonardo for $150.78 thousand.

Malaysian protection priest Hishammuddin Hussein in Oct revealed the choice of the ATR-72MP, which is actually based upon the ATR-72 twin-turboprop local airliner, for its own longstanding demand.

Leonardo states the ATR-72 is actually geared up along with its own Air-borne Tactical Monitoring as well as Monitoring objective body, which integrates the aircraft’s sensing unit collection that consists of a Seaspray 7300E V2 as well as allows it towards carry out a selection of objectives, consisting of marine patrol, anti-submarine, air-borne knowledge event as well as monitoring.

A handle Turkish Aerospace Markets for its own Anka medium-altitude long-endurance drones will certainly view Malaysia purchase 3 of the unmanned airplane, which could be equipped along with directed missiles as well as bombs.

Malaysia’s accomplishment of the drones is actually valued at $92 thousand as well as will certainly be actually the very initial equipped drones towards go into solution along with the RMAF.

It was actually likewise revealed at LIMA that Malaysia will certainly rent 4 Sikorsky UH-60A+ Blackhawk transfer choppers coming from regional business Aerotree Solutions as well as Support. The choppers are actually secondhand airplane as well as will certainly be actually flown due to the Malaysian Army’s sky wing for functional responsibilities as well as educating.

rudal balistik korea utara
Posted in Defense News

Korea Utara terlihat meluncurkan unit militer ICBM baru dalam rangka peremajaan pasukan

Korea Utara mungkin telah meluncurkan unit militer yang bertugas mengoperasikan rudal balistik antarbenua (ICBM) baru sejalan dengan restrukturisasi militernya baru-baru ini, menurut rekaman video media pemerintah.

Selama parade malam minggu lalu, Korea Utara memamerkan beberapa ICBM yang cukup besar untuk menyerang hampir di mana saja di dunia. Rudal tersebut termasuk apa yang dikatakan beberapa analis bisa menjadi prototipe atau mockup ICBM berbahan bakar padat baru di peluncur tabung.

Sebuah video yang ditayangkan pada 9 Februari oleh penyiar resmi negara tertutup itu dan dilihat oleh Reuters pada hari Rabu menunjukkan bahwa bendera yang sebelumnya tidak dikenal ditempelkan pada peluncur ICBM baru, menunjukkan militer mungkin telah membuat unit terpisah untuk mengoperasikan senjata.

Cho Han-bum, rekan senior di Korea Institute for National Unification di Seoul, mengatakan bahwa bendera tersebut “secara efektif mengonfirmasi unit ICBM baru” dan dapat menandakan uji coba senjata berbahan bakar padat yang akan datang.

Banyak unit khusus Korea Utara memiliki benderanya sendiri. ICBM yang diperlihatkan pada parade militer sebelumnya dihiasi dengan bendera nasional atau tidak sama sekali.

Bendera merah-emas baru, dengan misil hitam membubung ke langit dalam lingkaran, juga dikibarkan di antara bendera militer lainnya saat pemimpin Kim Jong Un dan keluarganya masuk ke tempat pawai.

Bendera lain terlihat di pawai, tampaknya menampilkan ICBM Hwasong-17 yang sangat besar, yang kemungkinan besar dapat mencapai daratan AS. Itu ditandai dengan “2022.11,” yang bisa merujuk pada tanggal ketika Korut berhasil meluncurkan Hwasong-17 saat Korut melanjutkan pengujian ICBM untuk pertama kalinya sejak 2017.

Potensi pembentukan unit ICBM terjadi setelah Kim menyerukan pengembangan lebih banyak ICBM dan persenjataan nuklir yang lebih besar tahun ini untuk melawan ancaman dari Amerika Serikat dan sekutunya.

Media pemerintah Korea Utara melaporkan restrukturisasi Tentara Rakyat Korea (KPA) dan desain ulang benderanya minggu ini, dengan mengatakan perubahan itu sejalan dengan dorongannya untuk “membangun tentara yang kuat.”

“Banyak unit layanan dan senjata Tentara Rakyat telah diperluas dan diatur ulang, tugas tempur operasional utama yang ditugaskan kepada mereka sesuai dengan situasi dan lingkungan baru dan misi strategis dan taktis dari keseluruhan unit berubah,” kata kantor berita resmi KCNA. pada hari Senin.

HIMARS launcher
Posted in Defense News

Latvia to boost protection spending with marine missile, HIMARS deals

Latvian Defence Minister Ināra Mūrniece has announced the country’s military expense could get to the degree of 3% of its gdp previously compared to planned, as she aims to sign agreements for the purchase of Marine Strike Missile anti-ship systems and 6 M142 High Movement Weapons Rocket Systems, or HIMARS, this springtime.

Mūrniece said at a conference of the parliament’s Defence, Interior Events and Corruption Avoidance Board her ministry has 3 programs underway that need to be sped up to reinforce Latvia’s protection capabilities. These consist of seaside protection versus opponent ships, weapons systems, and medium-range air protection systems, she said, as estimated by local information company LETA.

“It’s expected that we’ll get to [defense spending of] 3 percent of the GDP by 2027, but with these faster-moving jobs, I think that we’ll get to 3 percent of the GDP before 2027,” Mūrniece said.

The 3 Baltic specifies have sped up their missile and weapons purchase programs in reaction to the lessons gained from Russia’s intrusion of Ukraine. Should Latvia place an purchase for Lockheed Martin’s HIMARS tools, it could become the 3rd Baltic country to run the long-range, mobile rocket launchers in the future. Last December, Estonia authorized an offer with the Unified Specifies to purchase 6 of the tools, and the same month Lithuania and the U.S. federal government tattooed an agreement for as many as 8.

The NSM is a sea-skimming, over-the-horizon, anti-ship missile developed by U.S. Raytheon and Norway’s Kongsberg.

For 2023, Riga plans to assign shut to €987 million, approximately $1 billion, to its protection budget, or about 2.25% of the Latvian GDP.

At the same time, Latvia is progressing its project to reinstate mandatory military solution after finishing conscription in 2007, with an appropriate expense awaiting a ballot by the parliament. This year, the Latvian Nationwide Equipped Forces are to prepare the first team of volunteers, and in 2027, all man residents matured 18 to 27 will be required to selected among the available forms of military solution.

“A resident of Latvia will be required to offer one year, which also consists of one month of leave. New recruits will undergo three-month basic educating and [a] three-month specialized course, while [the] remaining 5 months will be dedicated to integration right into units and cumulative educating,” the protection ministry said in a declaration.

The country’s federal government aims “to increase the share of combat-ready populace of Latvia … to 50,000″ in 2027. Of these, 14,000 soldiers are to run in energetic solution units, 16,000 are to offer in the Nationwide Protect, and 20,000 in the reserve force, inning accordance with the declaration.

Tentara Pembebasan Rakyat
Posted in Analysis Defense News

China mengembangkan JADC2 versi sendiri untuk menyaingi Amerika Serikat

China sedang mengejar konstruksi militer baru yang dikenal sebagai Multi-Domain Precision Warfare untuk menyelaraskan pasukannya dari dunia maya ke luar angkasa, sebuah upaya yang menurut pejabat AS didorong oleh kebutuhan untuk melawan inisiatif Komando dan Kontrol Semua Domain Pentagon.

Seperti JADC2, konsep operasional inti MDPW, seperti yang diketahui, bergantung pada perintah dan kontrol yang saling terkait, komunikasi, komputer, intelijen, pengawasan, dan pengintaian untuk mengoordinasikan daya tembak dengan cepat dan mengungkap kelemahan asing, menurut Laporan Kekuatan Militer China tahunan, yang dibuat oleh A.S. Departemen Pertahanan disampaikan kepada Kongres pada bulan November.

“Seperti yang kami catat dalam laporan, konsep baru ini dimaksudkan untuk membantu mengidentifikasi kerentanan utama dalam sistem operasional musuh dan kemudian meluncurkan serangan presisi terhadap kerentanan tersebut, yang bisa bersifat kinetik atau non-kinetik,” kata seorang pejabat senior pertahanan AS kepada wartawan. 28 November, berbicara tanpa menyebut nama. “Pada dasarnya, ini adalah cara yang mereka pikirkan tentang melihat ke seluruh domain untuk mengidentifikasi kerentanan dalam sistem operasional musuh dan kemudian mengeksploitasinya untuk menyebabkan keruntuhannya.”

Militer China, Tentara Pembebasan Rakyat, “mengacu pada perang penghancuran sistem sebagai cara perang selanjutnya,” tambah pejabat itu. Berdasarkan premis tersebut, peperangan tidak lagi hanya terfokus pada penghancuran pasukan musuh; sebaliknya, dimenangkan oleh tim yang dapat mengganggu, melumpuhkan, atau langsung menghancurkan jaringan dan infrastruktur dasar pihak lain.

AS menganggap China sebagai ancaman No. 1 bagi keamanan nasionalnya, dengan Rusia di urutan kedua. Kedua kekuatan telah lama berinvestasi dalam sains dan teknologi militer. Menghadapi mereka mewakili perubahan besar pada operasi kontra-pemberontakan yang mendefinisikan era Amerika sebelumnya — dan masih ada — di Timur Tengah.

“Jelas, Amerika Serikat terutama berfokus pada ancaman lain selama dua dekade terakhir. Itu telah berubah,” kata Asisten Menteri Pertahanan untuk Urusan Keamanan Indo-Pasifik Ely Ratner pada acara 8 Desember yang diselenggarakan oleh American Enterprise Institute, sebuah wadah pemikir. “Sebagian, itu mulai berubah selama pemerintahan Obama. Itu dipercepat di bawah pemerintahan Trump dan benar-benar mengkristal di bawah pemerintahan ini.”

Untuk mempertahankan keunggulan atas kedua kekuatan dan musuh yang paham teknologi lainnya, Pentagon berusaha untuk mewujudkan JADC2, kampanye menghubungkan-semuanya-di mana saja untuk komunikasi dan kolaborasi internasional. Dengan menghubungkan pasukan dan basis data yang dulunya berbeda di darat, udara, laut, luar angkasa, dan dunia maya, para pemimpin pertahanan mengatakan bahwa AS dapat menyerang lebih cepat, lebih efisien, dan dari jarak yang lebih jauh.

Namun, gagasan tersebut menghadapi pengawasan dari anggota parlemen dan pakar luar, yang telah menyatakan keberatan tentang koordinasi antara Angkatan Darat, Angkatan Udara dan Angkatan Laut; bagaimana kesuksesan pada akhirnya akan diukur; dan label harganya yang menyeluruh. Angkatan Laut sendiri menginginkan sekitar $195 juta untuk Project Overmatch, kontribusinya untuk JADC2, untuk tahun fiskal 2023, melonjak 167% dari $73 juta yang diterimanya pada tahun 2022.

Overmatch, khususnya, dilakukan secara tertutup, dengan para pemimpin layanan enggan berbicara dan detail tetap tinggal kerangka. Rute klandestin diambil untuk membuat China tidak seimbang dan tetap berada di luar jangkauan banyak telinga dan matanya, menurut Bryan Clark, seorang rekan senior dan direktur Pusat Konsep dan Teknologi Pertahanan di Institut Hudson.

“Kunci untuk itu adalah tidak memberi tip kepada Anda sehubungan dengan hal-hal yang sebenarnya Anda coba kumpulkan. Mereka sangat berhati-hati dalam keamanan operasional untuk item terkait Overmatch ini,” kata Clark kepada C4ISRNET pada awal November. “Karena kita melihat ini dalam waktu yang sangat dekat, dan karena Angkatan Laut telah gagal untuk benar-benar menurunkan berbagai dan jumlah sistem tak berawak, Angkatan Laut hanya memiliki beberapa trik dalam hal bagaimana hal itu dapat dilakukan. menggabungkan sistem yang berbeda untuk membuat rantai pembunuh. Karena batasan itu, mereka harus sangat berhati-hati dalam menunjukkan kombinasi mana yang menurut mereka paling berharga.”

Pejabat di Beijing selama bertahun-tahun mengejar kekuatan informasi yang mampu mendominasi jaringan dan membombardir target dari berbagai lokasi dengan berbagai persenjataan.

Tentara Pembebasan Rakyat mengambil bagian dalam pelatihan militer
Sebuah foto yang diambil pada 4 Januari 2021 menunjukkan tentara Tentara Pembebasan Rakyat mengambil bagian dalam pelatihan militer di pegunungan di ujung barat Tiongkok. (AFP melalui Getty Images)

“Tulisan-tulisan militer RRT menggambarkan peperangan yang diinformasikan sebagai penggunaan teknologi informasi untuk menciptakan sistem-sistem-operasional, yang akan memungkinkan PLA memperoleh, mengirim, memproses, dan menggunakan informasi selama konflik untuk melakukan operasi militer bersama di seluruh wilayah, maritim, udara, luar angkasa, dunia maya, dan domain spektrum elektromagnetik,” kata laporan kekuatan itu. “PLA mempercepat penggabungan sistem informasi komando, memberi pasukan dan komandan kesadaran situasional yang ditingkatkan dan dukungan keputusan untuk lebih efektif melaksanakan misi dan tugas bersama untuk memenangkan perang lokal yang diinformasikan.”

JADC2 bersandar pada kecerdasan buatan dan komputasi canggih untuk dengan cepat menyaring tumpukan data dan menginformasikan keputusan medan perang. MDPW China — pertama kali digoda pada tahun 2021, menurut laporan itu — dan pendekatan konflik lainnya juga demikian.

“Ketika PLA terus fokus pada peningkatan kemampuannya untuk melawan dan memenangkan perang informasi, sistem informasi masa depan kemungkinan besar akan menerapkan teknologi baru seperti otomatisasi, data besar, internet untuk berbagai hal, kecerdasan buatan, dan komputasi awan untuk meningkatkan efisiensi proses,” itu menyatakan. “PLA telah memulai proses ini dengan merangkul analitik data besar yang memadukan berbagai data untuk meningkatkan otomatisasi dan untuk menciptakan gambaran real-time yang komprehensif bagi para prajurit perang.”

Pengeluaran publik Pentagon untuk AI, termasuk otonomi, menjamur menjadi $2,5 miliar pada tahun fiskal 2021, setelah mencapai $600 juta pada tahun 2016. Teknologi perangkat lunak yang berpusat pada perangkat lunak dapat membantu navigasi kendaraan, memprediksi kapan pemeliharaan diperlukan, dan membantu identifikasi dan klasifikasi target. Chief information officer Angkatan Udara AS, Lauren Knausenberger, pada bulan November mengatakan layanan tersebut perlu “lebih diotomatisasi” meskipun sudah “melakukan beberapa hal yang sangat menarik” dengan AI di lab, di medan perang, dan “dalam hal-hal yang sedang kami bangun hari ini. ”

Setidaknya 600 proyek AI, termasuk beberapa yang terkait dengan sistem senjata utama, seperti Kendaraan Udara Tak Berawak MQ-9, sedang berlangsung pada April 2021, menurut Kantor Akuntabilitas Pemerintah, pengawas federal. Setidaknya 232 usaha sedang ditangani oleh Angkatan Darat. Pasukan Udara dan Luar Angkasa bersama-sama menangani lebih dari 80.

Untuk menggagalkan ambisi internasional China yang semakin meningkat, A.S. menjalin aliansi berbagi informasi dengan negara-negara sahabat di kawasan Indo-Pasifik. Mereka termasuk Australia, India, Jepang dan Korea Selatan. Pengaturan semacam itu merupakan pilar JADC2, yang melibatkan apa yang disebut lingkungan mitra misi di mana data dari spektrum sumber asing dapat dikumpulkan, diamankan, dan didistribusikan.

Senator awal tahun ini dalam draf RUU pertahanan tahunan menginstruksikan Departemen Pertahanan untuk fokus pada pembangunan JADC2 di Komando Indo-Pasifik A.S. — pengakuan diam-diam atas kekuatan China di tengah pertumpahan darah di Ukraina. Sementara anggota parlemen prihatin dengan Eropa Timur, dan telah mendukung pengiriman material ke garis depan, China tetap menjadi tantangan jangka panjang yang mengganggu.

Ratner dari Pentagon mengatakan Laporan Kekuatan Militer China mendokumentasikan “ketegasan yang tumbuh, pemaksaan yang tumbuh ini, yang berkaitan dengan Laut China Timur, yang berkaitan dengan Laut China Selatan, di garis kendali aktual terhadap India dan, tentu saja, melawan Taiwan.”

“Kami juga melihat PLA yang lebih global,” katanya, “yang mengejar instalasi di seluruh dunia, aspirasi yang sangat ambisius untuk memproyeksikan kekuatan, mempertahankan kekuatan, di luar negeri.”